:: World Around You: Science and You–Stories by Harry Lang– Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, Gallaudet University ::

World Around You: Science and You–Stories by Harry Lang– Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, Gallaudet University:

The Nobel and The Deaf

By Dr. Harry Lang
The heritage of Deaf people and the Nobel Prize is a proud one. ‘The Nobel’ is a famous prize awarded by scientists from around the world. Many Deaf people have been considered for a Nobel Prize—and two Deaf scientists have won it.

Nicolle, Lice, and Typhus

Charles Nicolle was the first Deaf person to win a Nobel Prize. Nicolle won the Nobel Prize in 1928. He won it for proving that lice spread typhus.

Typhus is caused by bacteria. People with typhus run a high fever and develop a rash. About 30 percent of them die. Lice are tiny animals that make their homes in the skin of human beings. They bite through the skin and live by sucking blood. If they carry the typhus germ, they deposit it directly into the blood stream.

People get lice—and typhus—when they live in dirty and crowded conditions. In World War I, thousands of soldiers got typhus. More Russian soldiers died from it than from bullet wounds.”

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